Utilize parallel structure for crisper writing

To make your writing smoother when listing items, consider using parallel structure. This occurs when you follow the same grammatical pattern as providing a list of equal items or ideas within a sentence. For example, the following sentence uses parallel structure:

Los Angeles is my favorite city because of the weather, festivals, and beaches.

Weather, festivals and beaches are equal items, so they are presented as single words each separated by a comma.

The following sentence, however, lacks a parallel structure and so reads awkwardly:

Los Angeles is my favorite city because it is warm, multicultural, and the beaches and festivals are fun.

Though the warm, multicultural and fun beaches/festivals are equal items in a list, they are not presented as such. Notice that warm and multicultural are adjectives while fun beaches/festivals are nouns with an adjective (fun) describing them. The sentence might be rewritten as:

Los Angeles is my favorite city because it is warm, multicultural, and fun.


My name is Rob Bignell. I’m an affordable, professional editor who runs Inventing Reality Editing Service, which meets the manuscript needs of writers both new and published. I also offer a variety of self-publishing services. During the past decade, I’ve helped more than 300 novelists and nonfiction authors obtain their publishing dreams at reasonable prices. I’m also the author of the 7 Minutes a Day… writing guidebooks, four nonfiction hiking guidebook series, and the literary novel Windmill. Several of my short stories in the literary and science fiction genres also have been published.