When to use affect vs. effect

Don’t let these two commonly confused words negatively affect your writing.

Affect is a verb meaning to “to influence” “to impact”: The layoffs affect about a third of the company’s employees.

Effect is a noun meaning “the consequences of”: The effect of the layoffs was lower company morale.

Hopefully the effect of this little tip will be correct usage!


My name is Rob Bignell. I’m an affordable, professional editor who runs Inventing Reality Editing Service, which meets the manuscript needs of writers both new and published. I also offer a variety of self-publishing services. During the past decade, I’ve helped more than 300 novelists and nonfiction authors obtain their publishing dreams at reasonable prices. I’m also the author of the 7 Minutes a Day… writing guidebooks, four nonfiction hiking guidebook series, and the literary novel Windmill. Several of my short stories in the literary and science fiction genres also have been published.