Improve writing by eliminating ambiguities

Sometimes when writing, we unintentionally create ambiguity – that is, we write a sentence that can be interpreted in more than one way.

You’ve probably ran into this when reading instructions for a do-it-yourself kit or when trying to resolve some technical issue with your computer. For example:

Put one button at another button.

Exactly what does that mean? How do you place a button “at” another button? Does one go on top of the other or next to it? Is one button moved and then replaced by the other button?

In fiction, usually the result is that one of the interpretations is humorous, which distracts the reader from focusing on the story, as it breaks the suspension of disbelief. For example:

She stood and cleaned up her glass and napkin.

Did she literally take a wash cloth to her glass and napkin or did she bring them to the kitchen sink and trash can?

Often as writers we’re too close to the text to realize that a line is ambiguous. We know in our heads what we’re trying to say and so see only that when reading a line.

To identify ambiguities, look for the couple of common grammar problems that often lead to them.

The first is pronoun references. In the sentence Jenny told Sandra that she was mistaken, the reader doesn’t know which one Jenny believes is mistaken – herself or Sandra. It could simply be rewritten as “I’m mistaken,” Jenny told Sandra or “You’re mistaken,” Jenny said.

A second is dangling modifiers. For example, While hiking through the mountains, a boulder rolled in front of Kris suggests that the boulder was hiking through the woods because the modifier While hiking through the woods is misplaced. Instead, restructure the sentence so that it reads While Kris hiked through the mountains, a boulder rolled in front of her.

By eliminating ambiguities, we make our writing more concise.


My name is Rob Bignell. I’m an affordable, professional editor who runs Inventing Reality Editing Service, which meets the manuscript needs of writers both new and published. I also offer a variety of self-publishing services. During the past decade, I’ve helped more than 300 novelists and nonfiction authors obtain their publishing dreams at reasonable prices. I’m also the author of the 7 Minutes a Day… writing guidebooks, four nonfiction hiking guidebook series, and the literary novel Windmill. Several of my short stories in the literary and science fiction genres also have been published.